12個和味蕾有關的詞語 - 英語口語

1. EAGER

1、熱切

The word eager goes back to the French word aigre, meaning sour. In English, it first took on the sense of sharp, biting, or severe. Then it took on the sense of intense or impatient, which developed into the "ready to go!" sense.

eager這個詞來自法語單詞aigre, 意為“酸的”。英語中,最初的意思是味道刺激、辛辣的或者味道濃重。然后有了強烈和不耐煩的意思,逐步發展為“準備出發”這層意思。

2. VINEGAR

2、醋

Vinegar also goes back to aigre—vin aigre, or sour wine. That"s what vinegar is, after all.

“醋”也來自aigre,即vin aigre,酸的酒,也就是醋,別無其它了。

3. OXYGEN

3、氧氣

In the 18th century, when scientists discovered oxygen, they thought of it as the element whose main characteristic was its role in producing acids. The word oxygen was formed from Greek roots to mean "acid generating."

18世紀時,科學家發現了氧氣,認為其主要特點在于氧是能產生酸的元素。oxygen這個詞來源于希臘詞根,意為“產生酸”。

4. ACERBIC

4、苦澀

Latin acerbus meant harsh, bitter, or exceptionally sour-tasting. It’s the root of acerbic, which means in a bitter or cutting manner.

拉丁詞匯acerbus意為“苦、澀”,尤指“嘗起來酸”,是acerbic一詞的詞根,意指行為方式尖酸刻薄、令人不快。

5. EXACERBATE

5、加劇

Exacerbate also goes back to acerbus, meaning to "make intensely bitter" or, more generally, to worsen.

Exacerbate一詞同樣可以追溯到acerbus,意為“加重苦味”,或者廣義說是“使之惡化”。

6. MYRRH

6、沒藥(小編注:芳香液狀樹脂,用于制香水等)

Myrrh is a bitter-tasting tree resin used in perfume and incense. The word comes from a Semitic root meaning bitter.

沒藥味苦,是用于香水和熏香的樹脂,來自閃米特語詞根,意為“苦”。

7. LICORICE

7、甘草

Licorice goes back to ancient Greek glykus, meaning sweet.

甘草這詞可以追溯到古希臘語glykus,意為“甜”。

8. DULCIMER

8、洋琴

The name of this mellow stringed instrument was formed on Latin dulce + melos, or sweet melody.

這一音色甜美的弦樂器的名字是由拉丁語dulce和melos組合而成的,即“甜美的旋律”。

9. ASSUAGE

9、緩和

When you assuage, you soften or mitigate. It goes back to Latin ad + suavis, or "to sweet."

你緩和態度的時候,你會變柔和、平息自己。這個詞要追溯到拉丁語ad和suavis,即“甜”。

10. SALARY

10. 薪水

A salary, was originally, in ancient Rome, a salarium—money given to soldiers for the purchase of salt.

薪水,最初起源于古羅馬,salarium指的是發給戰士們買鹽的錢。

11. SAUSAGE

11、香腸

Sausage, a tube of cured meat, goes back to salsus, meaning salted.

Sausage即一管腌制的肉,這詞可以追根溯源到salsus一詞,意為鹽腌的。

12. SALAD

12、色拉

Salad, which can now refer to an unseasoned pile of vegetables, also comes from the idea of "salted."

色拉,現在指未加調味料的一堆蔬菜,也是來自“加了鹽的”這層意思。

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