英語口語中各種旅游的含義 - 英語口語

剛剛經過一個端午小長假,很多朋友都出門旅行去了,關于旅行,英語中有travel, journey,trip等等的說法,你知道這些詞有什么區別嗎?

Travel

As a noun, "travel" refers to the activity in general and is generally used as an uncountable noun.

travel做名詞的時候指的是旅行這種行為本身,通常用作不可數名詞。

例句:

I enjoy travel and playing golf.

我喜歡旅行和打高爾夫。

Travel and music are two of my favorite activities.

旅行和音樂是我最喜歡的兩件事。

"Travel" can also be used as a verb and refers to the activity of moving from one place to another. Generally, "travel" is used as a general verb and is rather formal. People often use the mode of transport to express this activity.

travel還可以用作動詞,指的是從某地到另一地的行為。通常travel這個動詞很正式,人們更愿意用交通工具來表達這種行為。

例句:

I travelled by plane to Madrid. = I flew to Madrid.

我坐飛機去了馬德里旅行。=我飛去馬德里的。

She travelled more than three hundred miles to get to the meeting. = She drove more than three hundred miles to get to the meeting.

她穿越三百多公里來到會場。=她開車開了三百多公里到達會場。

Sometimes, "travel" is also used as a countable noun in the plural form. In this case, it is often used in the sense that someone has been to many different places during one longer journey. This usage is also rather formal, and isn"t likely to be used much in everyday speech.

有時候,travel也用作可數名詞,只用復數形式。在這種情況下,通常是表示一個人在一次長途旅行中到達過很多地方,這種用法也同樣很正式,不經常用于生活口語中。

例句:

His travels took to the far corners of the globe.

他的旅程到達了地球最遠的角落。

Ms Bancroft sketched extensively during her travels around Europe.

在環歐之旅中,Bancroft夫人花了大量的素描。Trip

"Trip" is a countable noun which indicates travel to and from a place. It is often used together with the reason for the return journey.

trip是一個可數名詞,指的是旅行到某地和從某地出發,通常會和往返旅行的原因一起說。

例句:

I took a trip to the coast last weekend to relax.

我上周末去了海邊旅行放松了一下。

Frank needs to take some time off and maybe take a trip to some exotic location.

弗蘭克需要請幾天假,或許再出國去什么地方旅行一下。

Journey

Journey refers to the actual time spent travelling. It tends to be used in British English more often than in American English.

journey和旅行實際花費的時間有關。通常英式英語中更為常用。

例句:

How was your journey from Oxford?

從牛津來的這一路怎么樣?

The journey to Rome was long and tiring.

去羅馬的旅程又長又無聊。

Voyage

"Voyage" refers specifically to long distance travel by sea.

voyage指的是航海的長距離旅行。

例句:

The voyage to Japan takes about two weeks from San Francisco.

從舊金山到日本走海路大概需要兩周時間。

Many voyages were made to the Indian Ocean during that period.

這段時間很多人航海去印度洋。Other Common Travel Expressions

其他常用移動表達

Flight

A "flight" is a noun which refers to travel by air. It is similar to the verb "fly" which means to travel by air.

a flight指的是航空旅行,和fly的意思很接近。

例句:

My flight was delayed in Chicago.

我的航班在芝加哥延誤了。

She needs to book a flight to San Diego next week.

她需要預定一個下周去圣地亞哥的航班。

She flew to London last weekend.

她上個周末飛去了倫敦。

Drive

"Drive" is both a verb and a countable noun. It refers to travel by car or other four wheeled vehicle.

drive是一個動詞也是個可數名詞,指的是開車或者使用其他四輪交通工具旅行。

例句:

The drive to the coast is beautiful.

開車去海邊的風景美極了。

She drove for six hours non-stop.

她連續開了六個小時的車。

Ride

"Ride" is generally used as a verb, but can also be used as a noun. It refers to travel by bicycle or motorcycle.

ride通常用作動詞,也可以用做名詞,指的是騎自行車或者摩托車旅行。

例句:

Let"s take a ride on our bikes through the countryside.

咱們騎上車去鄉下玩吧。

Walk, Jog, Run and Sprint

"Walk", "jog", and "run" are also used as both verbs and countable nouns. They refer to travel on foot. Walking is the slowest, jogging faster, running still faster and sprinting the fastest. Here are some examples that show the different speed:

Walk, Jog和Run都可以用作動詞和可數名詞。指的是徒步移動的行為,walking是走路,是最慢的;jogging是慢跑,會快一點,running更快,sprinting是最快的。

I walk through the park on a sunny summer"s day.

我在一個晴朗的夏日走過了公園。

I jogged three miles last week.

我上周慢跑了三公里

Peter ran the last quarter mile to his home.

皮特最后四分之一的路程是跑回家的。

He sprinted the final fifty meters to the finish line.

他全力沖刺了50米跑到終點。

Hike

"Hike" is used as a verb and as a countable noun and refers specifically to walking in the mountains or countryside.

hike用作動詞和可數名詞,指的是在山中或者鄉下的徒步。

例句:

We went on a hike in Mount Rainier National Park last weekend.

我們上周去維尼亞山國家公園徒步旅行了。

She hiked 10 miles in six hours.

她六小時內走了十公里。

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